Perkembangan Desain Ruang Publik Pada Interior Pusat Belanja. Prosiding pada Seminar Nasional Urban Acupunture
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To keep up with the changes of time, the city’s social structure is becoming more and more complex and it has seen several differences over time. Therefore, what used to be defined as a public space no longer points to an indoor and outdoor space that belongs to public institution. Private public areas and areas with interior emphasis are becoming more common, especially in today’s shopping centers. This research studies the development of public spaces in the indoor areas and interior of shopping centers and examines the differences of their spatial characters. The objects of research are two shopping centers from the 1960-1980 era (Sarinah Shopping Center and Surabaya’s Pasar Atum Shopping Center), two shopping centers from the 1980-1998 era (Mal Ciputra Shopping Center and Tunjungan Plaza Shopping Center) and two shopping centers from the era after 1998 (Gandaria City and Ciputra World Surabaya). The research is conducted in two stages. The first uses a focus group to determine the public space that serves as an image for the shopping center as well as to find the comparative parameters, or the physical analysis units. The second stage involves a case study for the three periods mentioned above, with a double case for each period. The result finds that there are improvements in the corridor, atrium, food court and dining areas.