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Title: Rogers's Three Core Conditions: The Other Side of The Coin
Authors: Lukito Setiawan, Jenny
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Publisher: Papers Presented At, The 5th Congress Of The Asia Pacific Association of Psychotherapy – 5-7 April 2008 - Psychotherapy Asia Pacific V
Description: It is widely known that students face many different concerns during their university career. During their time In university, students face many changes in their lives. These changes give them opportunities to develop themselves and reach personal growth. However, in the same time, these changes also involve stress for them. Therefore Wittenberg (2001) mentions that being at university can be a 'time of growth', can also involve 'unbearable stress'. Realizing these facts, many universities provide counseling service for students. The service is provided in order to help students pass through their university career and develop their personal life. University counseling service plays three import ant roles, including remedial, preventive and developmental roles (Setiawan, 2000). It could be argued that psychological problems can Interfere with students' academic functioning and performance. Therefore, remedial role Is the first and most widely accepted role of the university counseling service (Ratigan, 1989; May, 1999; Dean, 2000). However, it could also be contended that a university counseling service needs also to play a preventive role before problems arise (Ratigan, 1989; Association for University and College Counseling (AUCC), 1998; Dean, 2000). When problem have already arisen, students may have experienced problems which It is too late to tackle. Additionally, a university counseling service needs also to play a developmental role, by holding activities which help students achieve their personal and professional growth and their personal goals (Ratigan, 1989; AUCC, 1998; Dean, 2000). In performing this remedial role, university counselors carry out counseling work to help students with problems, so that students can function and perform optimally in their academic life (Archer and Cooper, 1998; Stein, 1999). One of counseling approaches Is humanistic approach. Counselors who adopt humanistic approach assume that all human beings are basically good and have an inborn capacity to grow and achieve their full potential (Rogers, 1967; Feltham, 1995; Dryden and Mytton, 1999; Sanders, 2002). One of humanistic approach Is person-centered counseling which is pioneered by Carl Rogers. In person-centered counseling, Rogers (1995) emphasizes the importance of conditions provided by counselors In order to help clients achieve their personal growth. Rogers (1967) argues that these three conditions are the core conditions in order to help clients cope with their problems more adequately and comfortably. The three conditions include genuineness, acceptance, and empathic understanding Rogers (1995) continues that when a counselor is genuine, the client will change and grow in a constructive manner. Being genuine means that the counselor does not put personal facade, and is transparent to the client. The second condition is acceptance, which means that the counselor respects the client just the way he/she is. The counselor prizes the client and allows the client to be whatever immediate feeling is going on. In other word, the counselor accepts the client unconditionally. The final condition is empathic understanding, which means that the counselor understands the private world of the client. The counselor understands the client's feelings and communicates this understanding to the client. If the counselor is genuine and shows unconditional positive regard to the client, the counselor will be able to listen to the client better. This will lead her/him to understand the feelings and conditions of the client. When the counselor shows unconditional positive regard, the counselor also accepts the client unconditionally. Thus, the client is helped to accept her/himself better. When the client accept her/himself better, s/he is more confident, unique and expressive, can be transparent and accepts others, and more able to deal with her/his personal problems. In the other way, the client achieves personal growth. This paper describes a study investigating the behavior of help-seeking among students. Specifically the study was designed to examine factors influencing the selection of helpers. By presenting the findings of this study, this paper shows that there is other side of the three core conditions argued by Rogers.
Appears in Collections:Lecture Papers International Published Articles

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