Effect of Internal and External Factors of Against Sugarcane Farmers Income in Ngimbang Lamongan
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This study aims to determine the effect of internal factors (culture techniques, cane varieties, fertilizer / fertilization, costs) and external factors (yield, price) to the sugarcane farmers’ income and at the same time to determine the factors that most influence the sugarcane farmers' income in the subdistrict Ngimbang Lamongan.Moreover, The independent variables examined in this study consisted of technical culture (X1), varieties of sugarcane (X2), fertilizer / fertilization (X3), costs (X4), yield (X5), price (X6), and the affected variable is the income of sugarcane’s farmer (Y). Technical culture has five indicators, that include land selection (A-1), cropping patterns (A-2), tillage (A-3), plant maintenance (A-4) and the optimization of cutting and hauling (A-5). Sugarcane varieties has five indicators, that include seed quality optimization standards (B-6), production potential optimization (B-7), varieties composition arrangement(B-8), growing season (B-9), seed certification program (B-10 ). fertilizer / fertilization has four indicators, that include, fertilization timeliness (C-11), Exact fertilizer dose (C-12), Exact fertilizers application (C-13), and exact fertilizer type (C-14). Cost has three indicators, that include the cost of production inputs (D-15), labor costs (D-16), the cost of capital (D-17). The yield of having three indicators, that include the potential of sugarcane varieties (E-18), maturity or sugarcane’s age (E-19), and the quality of cane raw materials (E-20). Price has two indicators, that include the price of sugar (F-21) and the price of sugarcane (F-22). Sugarcane farmers' income has three indicators, which are internal factor (G-23), external factors (G-24), net profit (G-25). The analytical tool used in this study is the analysis of quantitative data and qualitative data analysis. In quantitative data analysis multiple linear regression is use for analytical function. The population in this study are all cane farmers in the Ngimbang subdistrict at Lamongan, who manages his own cane on land as well as land leased and has been farming sugarcane more than one growing season (1 year). While the sample used amounted to 116 respondents with a random sampling technique. Based on the analysis that has been made in which all factors (technical culture, varieties, fertilizer / fertilization, cost, yield and price) has a significant effect on the sugarcane farmers income in Ngimbang Lamongan. While, the price factor is the biggest influence on the sugarcane farmers income in Ngimbang Lamongan, followed by technical culture factors, cost factors, fertilizer / fertilization, yield factors and varieties.