Perception on history of husband and wife relationship and HIV risk behavior in the household from housewives infected with HIV in Surabaya
Silitonga, Hanna Tabita Hasianna
Angriyanto, Chindy Claudya
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Introduction: HIV is increasing among housewives. The main transmission factor is because of the partner. The existing programs so far, PMTCT (Prevention Mother to Child Transmission) and PIT (Provider Initiated Test), are when there is a risk of being exposed to HIV. Prevention handling starting from upstream has not been maximized because the population is not specific. The purpose of this study is to find overview of history of relationships and risk behaviors of HIV/AIDS in households form HIV-infected housewives perspectives, so that we can find intervention programs that are specific to families in Indonesia. Method: This is a descriptive research using cross sectional method. There were 58 respondents involved in answering validated retrospective questionnaire. We use accidental sampling to find respondent that fit in our inclusion and exclusion criteria from January to May 2019. Results and Discussion: From this study it was found that out of 58 respondents, 44 (76%) did not experience domestic violence and 14 (24%) experienced it. From this study it was also found that more than 50% of the housewives did not believe that their husband had an affair with another woman or had a mistress. Conclusion: HIV/AIDS can be experienced by any family that either has good relations or experiences violence. It is recommended that outreach be carried out at each reproductive period (adolescents, couples of childbearing age) and must involve men, enter material about STIs in the program for reproductive age and not just about contraception.