COMPARISON OF KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARD COMPLEMENTARY-ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (CAM) MUSIC THERAPY AMONG PSYCHOLOGISTS AND PHYSICIANS IN SURABAYA
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Complementary-Alternative Medicine (CAM) is one of the health care systems that are not presently considered to be part of conventional medicine. Globally, up to now the use of this method is still being developed and continues to increase. One of CAM type that more popular is music therapy. Music therapy is a form of therapy by using music as a medium of therapy that aims to maintain, repair, and optimize physical, psychological, spiritual, cognitive, and social needs of the individual that performed by professionals through systematic assessment and plan of care. This study aims to compare knowledge and attitude toward the music therapy between psychologists and physicians in Surabaya. The instrument that used was modified from a previous study, which is Psychologists Attitudes towards Complementary and Alternative Therapies (PATCAT) Questionnaire. In general, data from 19 respondents, with average age is 44 years old, showed that knowledge level about music therapy of psychologists was higher (mean = 5,5) than physicians (mean = 4,6). Psychologists’ attitude towards music therapy also was more positive (mean = 39,4) compare with physicians’ attitude (mean = 35,8). However from Mann-Whitney U test found that those differences did not significant (U = 17, p>0,05; U = 26, p>0,05). Level of music therapy knowledge among psychologists and physicians was correlated positively with attitude toward music therapy (r = 0,25). But that correlation did not significantly proofed when tested with Spearman’s rho test (p>0,05). Discussion of the results can be viewed in this article.